Rocky Mountains

The canadian Rockies are located in Western Canada and are part of The Pacific Cordillera. The highest peak is mount Robson (3,954 m). This mountain range is geologically younger than the American Rockies (formed about 100 million years ago) and consists of several lines of continental fault, directed from the Northwest to the Southeast.

There are five national parks in the canadian Rockies: Banff, Jasper and Kootenay, Yoho, and Waterton lakes, the largest of which are Banff and Jasper.
Banff national Park (English. Banff National Park is one of Canada's main natural attractions. Founded in 1885, it is the first and also the largest nature reserve in the country-its area is 6641 square km. Since 1984, it has been included in the UNESCO world heritage list.

Banff Park is located in the province of Alberta, West of the town of calgary, in the Rocky mountains of Canada. It was created in order to protect the diverse and unique landscape, as well as to develop the health and tourism infrastructure of the region. Every year, the Banff national Park is visited by 4 million tourists from all over the world. Majestic mountains, dense coniferous forests, rich flora and fauna, fascinating glaciers, Alpine landscapes, pristine lakes-here is a brief description of the beauty that can be observed here.

History of Banff national Park
The area where the reserve is located once belonged to the paleo-Indians. They were engaged in gathering, hunting bison and mammoths, and fishing. In 1540, the first researchers from Europe visited the site. And in 1783, Alexander Mackenzie, a Scottish Explorer, crossed the Rocky mountains for the first time.

When the transcontinental railway was built here, more and more tourists started coming here. In 1888, the first hotel appeared here — Fairmont Banff Springs, its construction was initiated by William Cornelius van Hoor.
Recreation in Banff Park
From the end of autumn until may, Banff turns into a ski resort. Backcountry ski trails are available throughout the Park, and for those who are confident on skis and snowboards, there are sunshine Village, Lake Louise Ski Area and Mount Norquay trails. In addition, ice skating, snowshoeing, sledding and dog sledding are available for tourists.
Tourist information:
Address: Improvement District No. 9, Alberta, Canada

The price of the entrance ticket (1 day):

adult (18-64 years old) - $ 9.80;
for pensioners (65 years and older) - $ 8.30;

children (up to 18 years) - free of charge.

To save time, you can buy tickets online.
How to get

The nearest international airport is located in calgary, where you can get to:

Brewster or Greyhound bus services operate regularly from calgary and many cities in British Columbia. By car, take highway 1; from Cranbook, take highway 93; from Red Deer and Rocky Mountain House, take highway 11. If you like parks, be sure to visit another attraction in Canada — the Butchart gardens.

Jasper is the birthplace of the oceans. The national Park of Canada, West of Alberta, Jasper, is located in the Rocky mountains. For its unique beauty and natural world, the Park has been awarded the proud title of a world heritage site, so UNESCO advocated that this wonderful place be preserved for future generations in its original form. You can go to Jasper Park whenever you want. The rocky mountains, which are an integral part of the Park, are not only very beautiful, but also quite difficult to climb, so it is a Paradise for climbers both in summer and winter.

Basic moments
Jasper national Park covers 10,878 km2. These places are very popular with tourists. Travelers are attracted by high waterfalls, turquoise lakes, clear rivers, picturesque glaciers, deep canyons, mighty coniferous forests and blooming Alpine meadows. More than 2,150,000 tourists visit the reserve each year, and according to this indicator, Jasper Park is considered the most visited reserve in Canada.
The territory of the Park is divided into several zones. The first zone includes the rarest natural and historical objects. These include relict spruce trees in the Sanuapta valley, which are more than 700 years old. This also includes the valley of the Sunrise, where the house-Museum of the fur-gatherer Jasper is located, as well as a cave where ancient rock paintings are preserved. The second zone occupies most of Jasper Park. It covers places where valuable species of animals live, so the entry of tourists is partially restricted, and entry by car is completely prohibited. The third zone of the reserve consists of natural complexes that are maintained in their natural state. You can cross this area, but only on foot, on horseback or by Bicycle. The fourth zone is given to tourists for recreation and educational programs, and the fifth provides various types of health and recreational services.
Tourism in Jasper national Park
The nature of the reserve is beautiful at any time of the year, but especially many visitors come to Jasper national Park in the summer. People come here to travel on foot and in cars, to climb mountains, to fish and take photos. Bike and horse riding tours are available in the Park, and rafts, kayaks and canoes can be rented for those who like to relax on the water.
The most visited attractions of the national Park are the ancient Athabasca glacier and the eponymous waterfall with a height of 23 m. in addition, tourists are attracted by the narrow picturesque Malin canyon and the Medicine Lake full of trout. In order for travelers to get better acquainted with the unique natural landscapes, the Park has about 1200 km of trails.

Some tourists like to explore Jasper national Park on their own. Others use the services of local guides to complete their routes. The Park has hotels and campsites, as well as ski trails, Golf courses, and other tourist infrastructure.
How to get
Jasper national Park is located in southern Canada. The nearest international airports are located in calgary (290 km) and Edmonton (320 km). The commercial center of the reserve is the tiny town of Jasper, which is built in the valley of the Athabasca river. Neither in the city itself nor in the Park there is no public transport, however, you can move around the locality by taxi. Most tourists get to Jasper on their own in private or rented cars. Yellowhead highway 16 runs through the Park. In addition, Via Rail trains run from Edmond and Vancouver to Jasper.